Lifestyle and dietary recommendations for the infertile male
Men with infertility can have some control of their reproductive function by living a healthy lifestyle. Often some negative habits may contribute to their infertility. Therefore, if they live a healthy lifestyle, it is possible that there will be some improvement in their ability to father a child. There is no conclusive evidence for all of these lifestyle recommendations, but there is some evidence and rationale for each one of them, that they may help:
- Avoid excessive heat (avoid heated waterbeds, saunas, whirlpool hot baths, very tight fitting underwear or pants (such as bicycle racing pants), etc. Wear loose underwear such as boxer shorts.
- Limit coffee to 1 or 2 cups per day.
- Do not smoke.
- Do not use marijuana, cocaine, or other recreational drugs. Marijuana stays in the testes for over 2 weeks; so even using it once every two weeks could have a negative effect.
- Exercise regularly but moderately.
- Maintain a healthy weight: Men that are overweight have been shown to have lower sperm counts and reduced sperm quality.
- Limit alcohol intake to a maximum of 1-2 drinks per day and avoid binge drinking
- Maintain good nutritional habits, especially a diet rich in fresh fruits and leafy vegetables
- Do not hesitate to ask for medical help if have problems maintaining an erection or ejaculation.
- Try to reduce stress. Consider massage, yoga, meditation, acupuncture and/or moderate exercise.
Key Vitamins and Nutritional Supplements
It is believed that taking certain vitamins (C, E, B12, etc.) may help improve mens’ fertility. The mechanism of action is believed to be as follows: The breakdown of oxygen as it passes through the cells in our body results in substances known as free radicals. Some infertile men may have a higher concentration of free radicals in their semen as compared to fertile men. Free radicals attack and destroy the membrane that surrounds sperm. Antioxidants fight against these bad effects. Some vitamins are natural anti-oxidants.
- Vitamin C (500 mg/day): It may help to protect sperm. Many studies show that supplemental Vitamin C also improves the quality of sperm in smokers and reduces sperm agglutination (a condition when sperm stick together, and fertility is reduced).
- Vitamin E (100 IU/day): Vitamin E also functions as an antioxidant. Therefore, vitamin E supplements could decrease and mop up enough free radicals to prevent damage to sperm cells.
- Selenium (200 mcgs/day): A double-blind study showed that selenium supplement can significantly increase sperm motility.
- Multi-vitamins containing zinc (70-80 mg): A lack of zinc can effect normal sperm production. For men with low testosterone, zinc supplements may raise testosterone levels and increase sperm production.
- Folic Acid (1.0 mg): Important in the development of normal sperm and also acts as an antioxidant.
- L-Carnitine: Numerous studies have shown that a supplementation of L-carnitine (also known as Acetyl-L-carnitine) significantly improves semen quality.
At CReATe, we sell a male designed supplement that contains all of these supplements and more. This allows you to purchase one multi-supplement rather than the individual components at a lower price and for your convenience.